Foot Problems in Diabetic Patients | Narrowing of Blood Vessels, Losing Sensation are Main Problems in Diabetics
People are paying no protection for their feet. In this busy Hi-tech world, many people do not really care about their feet. People begin thinking and show interest on their feet only when they suffer from a severe pain or injury in the leg. But this type of negligence is not good. As India is becoming hub for diabetes, patient’s lot of awareness is required among the people. Amongst every seven diabetes patients one is suffering from acute feet problem. According to survey report 15% of people are losing their legs in order to save their lives.
Diabetes patients are more likely to develop leg and foot problems than those without this disorder. Due to increase of sugar level in blood Diabetes patients will have poor blood circulation and damage in nerves. These complications can lead to amputation. In this way various small problems in the feet leads to a bigger losses. Don’t forget that a little concentration on all these problems can help to get rid of these problems.
Foot Problems in Diabetes Patients
Reduce in sensation: The sugar content in the blood will be higher than normal for some period of time which leads to nerve problems and it is known as ‘peripheral neuropathy’. This sensation problem is found in foot and the pain related signals are sent to brain through the nerves. Due to less sensation in foot we will not be feeling the pain, injuries and blisters in the leg. So the chance of getting injuries is high which leads to faster growth of severe wounds.
Narrowing of blood vessels: In diabetic patients the fat gets stored at atheroma walls and it leads to improper blood circulation. The probability of arteries becoming narrow and less flexible is more and it is termed as Atherosclerosis. Due to this the blood flow will not be proper to all the parts of the body. Even in legs also the fats get stored in atheroma walls and it succumbs to various problems. Due to these small injuries, cuts and gradually leads to big wounds .lack of sensation and feeling pain the situation become miserable.
Adverse Consequences of diabetes
Long term diseases and Increase in age and mainly due to diabetes not under control for a longer time are the causes for reduce in the sensation. Smoking, laziness, higher cholesterol, high BP and increase in weight shows higher risk in legs. In men the rate of fats getting stored in blood cells is high and the chance of blood circulation is less. Mainly people having calluses and for the people having higher pressure under sole the rate of wounds is high.
- Generally the infection rate is high in diabetes patients. Some times in order to save the life we may have to remove finger, feet and legs. So in order to prevent all these problems taking early precautions is necessary.
Taking Care of Wounds in Diabetic Patients
- When wound itches immediately consult doctor. In order to prevent from infection, bandage should be tied to it.
- If possible wear specially made shoes to get rid of stress on foot.
- It is mandatory to take antibiotics if the wound or surrounding it has infections.
- The bandage tied to the wound should be changed frequently under doctor’s supervision.
- If the wound becomes severe then it is removed along with the dead cells in it by a small operation.
- Based on the size of the wound and in order to make the wound
- Bypass or widening of arteries is required for the patients having weak atheroma cells. Due to weak atheroma cells in the body the blood circulation will not be proper.
Prevention of Foot Problems in Diabetics
- As we all know that prevention is better than cure. Preventing the diabetes is also good in all the ways. Suppose if we are suffering from cholesterol, BP along with diabetes, taking treatment is compulsory. Mainly people having smoking habit must stop it immediately.
- All the diabetes patients must have to go for a foot check up with the doctor at least thrice in a year.
Feet Test for Diabetic Patients
- All Diabetes patients must examine their feet at least once in a week. They must observe their feet and toes for any cuts, redness to a change in nail color, any calluses, and blisters on the skin and mainly between fingers. Even though they have slight problem they should take help of others to examine the problems.
- If discover any swelling, redness, pain, tingling, or numbness, call doctor. Any pain in legs after a little activity or at night can be a sign of a blocked artery — call doctor immediately. The soles of feet get very dry, scaly and itchy, particularly in summer.
- Be sure that doctor examines feet at least once a year or whenever notice a problem.
- Carefully wash feet in lukewarm water daily. Use a soft towel to dry them, including between the toes. Use lotion or cream to soften callused areas. If feet perspire, use a non-medicated powder to keep them dry and prevent skin breakdown.
- Don’t use alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, astringent, or iodine on feet.
- See a professional for nail clipping, especially if having any problems with feet, such as numbness or hard nails.
- Don’t treat feet with over-the-counter callus and corn remedies, and don’t trim those growths self.
- Keep the floor at home or work clutter free to avoid accidents.
- Look at socks for blood spots or other fluids. White socks are the best choice.
- Select comfortable, sturdy shoes that fit right. Wear new shoes for just an hour or two at a time to break them in so that won’t develop sore spots.
- Before putting on shoes, check them for little stones or tears that could irritate feet.
- Generally, try to avoid anything that can hurt feet. This can run the gamut from socks that are too tight or those with seams that can cause irritation to avoiding hot water, heating pads, and electric blankets which might burn a numb area of skin without being aware of it. Going barefoot can leave feet vulnerable to cuts, puncture wounds, and splinters.
- Clean feet daily, using warm—not hot—water and a mild soap. Avoid soaking feet. Dry them with a soft towel and dry carefully between toes.
- Always wear shoes or slippers to protect feet from injuries. Prevent skin irritation by wearing thick, soft, seamless socks.